What are Viruses and Malware?
Just like humans can catch colds or the flu, computers can also “catch” viruses. These are not actual living viruses but tiny pieces of code or software that can harm your computer. For example, they can make it slow, delete your files, or even steal your information.
Malware is a term that includes computer viruses, but it also covers other harmful things, like worms, trojans, and ransomware. They all act differently but share the same goal – to mess with your computer or take something valuable from you.
Why Do You Need Anti-virus and Anti-malware?
You might wonder, “Why do we even need to worry about these things?” Well, imagine you’re playing a game of soccer. Without a goalie, the other team could easily score goals. Anti-virus and anti-malware are like the goalies for your computer. They help to stop viruses and malware from scoring a “goal” by getting into your computer and causing problems.
Built-In vs. Third-Party Software
You are thinking, “What software should I use to protect my computer?” There are mainly two types: built-in software and third-party software.
Built-in software comes with your computer’s operating system. For example, if you’re using a Windows computer, it comes with a built-in tool called “Windows Defender.” If you’re using a Mac, it has something called “XProtect.” These tools are like a home’s basic lock system, helping keep most threats out.
Third-party software is like adding an extra lock or a security camera to your home. These are programs you can download from other companies, not the one that made your computer’s operating system. Some of the best ones are Webroot , ESET NOD32, and Bitdefender. They often have more features, like scanning emails for threats or blocking harmful websites.
Comparing the Two
But which one is better? It’s like asking if it’s better to have a basic lock or a full security system at home. The answer depends on your needs.
The built-in software does a surprisingly good job for most people. It’s simple, easy to use, and comes free with your computer. In addition, it constantly checks for common viruses and malware and keeps your computer safe.
On the other hand, third-party software can offer more protection. It’s like having a security guard who does extra checks. These programs can protect you from more types of threats and provide better support if something goes wrong. But they often cost money and can sometimes slow your computer down because they use more resources.
How Much Safety is Necessary?
Just as you buckle your seatbelt in the car for safety, it’s crucial to safeguard your computer with anti-virus and anti-malware software. The built-in software in your computer is like your seatbelt, providing a basic level of protection. If you choose a third-party program, it’s like adding an airbag to your car – an extra layer of safety for those just-in-case moments. No matter your choice, the important thing is that you’re taking steps to keep your computer safe. After all, just like in driving, prevention is better than cure when it comes to computer safety!
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